Business Studies Paper


Try to create a 500-word paragraph from the notes from the lecture


Business Studies Paper

3 December 2014.

Cover Letter and Resume

This paper examines strategies for creating an effective cover letter and resume. It is imperative for the interviewee to understand that most managers do not spend a lot of time looking at job applicants’ resumes and cover letters. This is because they have to review dozens, hundreds, or sometimes even thousands of resumes. This means that in some cases, an interview may have only 30 seconds or less to spend on every resume.


            A typical resume should be between half-page to one-page in length. It should have a keyword as well as statements that are clear, concise, and relevant to the job for which the prospective employee is sending an application. At the same time, the applicant should understand that there are three types of resumes: functional, chronical, and targeted resumes. Chronicle resumes providing a chronological account of the applicants’ educational and professional qualifications while functional resumes focus primarily on those academic qualifications, work experiences, and interests that are relevant to the job position being sought. Targeted resumes specifically highlight issues relating to the experience of the job applicant.

A job applicant may also decide to use a non-traditional approach to resume writing by including graphics and photos. In some job applications, it may be necessary for a longer resume to be created in order to dedicate one or two full pages to education, skills, and work experience. It is particularly important to elaborate on the specificities of academic achievements as a way of demonstrating one’s eligibility for the position.

The mandatory components of a resume include personal information, education, work experience, and involvement in college activities. The optional components include skills, training and certification, honors and awards, GPA, and class projects. There are also some basic tips that can easily enhance the appeal of a resume. For instance, applicants should adhere to the general format for writing resumes. They should also avoid relying on templates; instead, every job applicant should be creative enough to come up with his own unique style. An important to note is that the reverse-chronological approach should be used at all times, whereby one begins with the most recent academic accomplishment and job position (Ramsay, Galloisand Callan 197).

            Moreover, there is a lot to learn in the form of tips on intricate aspects of resume writing. A crucial requirement is for applicants to summarize facts and information about themselves at all times. Moreover, the resume should be written on high-quality paper, which should not be stapled or folded when being handed out to the prospective employer. In case submissions are being made digitally, the resume should always be in PDF file format. Facts about the applicant should be written in the form of bullet points. Past job descriptions should be presented using the past tense. Commonly overused words should be avoided.


            Tips on how to write a cover letter also need to be highlighted. In every cover letter, the purpose should be succinctly stated. One’s qualifications should also be outlined. It should also include one’s phone number. Moreover, the letter should always be directed to a specific individual. The author should use it to provide more details regarding the information contained in the resume. One should always send the original document and not a copy. The applicant should sign the cover letter using a blue or black pen only.

            Regarding references, applicants also need to adhere to certain conventions. One of them is to include the name of the referee, the title of the organization he works for, his postal address, email address, and phone number. One should consider putting down the names of former faculty members, advisors, and supervisors as referees. Lastly, it is always important for the job applicant to maintain a relationship with his referees.

Works Cited

Ramsay, Sheryl.,Gallois, Cynthia and Callan, Victor.“Social rules and attributions in the personnel selection interview.” Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 70.2 (1997): 189–203.

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