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Poetic Freedom

In one document, collect your answers to the following questions about your readings in this unit. These questions are split into three categories: literal, interpretive, and applied. Literal questions simply ask you about the most basic elements of a text. You can answer these questions in a sentence or two. Interpretive questions ask you to read between the lines. Interpretation encourages you to explore, discover, and explain what is not directly stated by the text. Thus, you need to use evidence from the text to support your analysis. You should write 1-2 paragraphs on these questions.Applied questions ask you to connect the readings to the world beyond. Using details and evidence from the text, you’ll explain how literature is helping you see the world around you in a new light. You should write 1-2 paragraphs on these questions. Be sure to read each question carefully and answer every part of the question! Please also use at least one quote or example for each interpretive and applied answer.Literal Questions:1. From any poem, choose one word that you do not recognize. Look up the dictionary definition at https://www.merriam-webster.com/. Then, define the term in your own words. Imagine you are explaining it to a friend.2. According to Ross Gay’s “A Small Needful Fact,” what work did Eric Garner do when he was alive? Interpretive Questions:3. How would you characterize the speaker in Walt Whitman’s Song of Myself? Use evidence from the poem to describe their attitude and the advice or message that they are trying to impart to readers.4. Is “A Supermarket in California” setting up a fantastical scene where we are supposed to believe that the ghost of Walt Whitman is actually there? Or is the speaker simply imagining him? Or do you have a different explanation for these supernatural visions? Use evidence from the poem to support your interpretation and persuade me that it is valid. 5. In the previous unit, I explained that metaphors and similes were meant to make abstract ideas more concrete and relatable. A poet might compare love to a “red rose” because love is hard to picture, but a red rose is easy to picture. You can see it, touch it, even smell it. In e.e. cummings’s “somewhere i have never travelled,gladly beyond,” the speaker plays with many metaphors and similes but never settles down long enough to clearly articulate his feelings. QUESTION: Why do you think the speaker mixes so many contrasting figures of speech? In the final stanza, what do you think is his final message to the “you” of this poem? 6. In “Cinderella,” why do you think Anne Sexton’s narrator includes details from daily life in the mid-20th Century in this retelling of a fairy tale? What is the effect of mixing these details from the real world with details from a fairy-tale world?7. The speaker in “Cinderella” is a narrator who is telling us the story. How would you describe the narrator’s tone in telling this story? How does the *way* the narrator tells the story affect your reading experience? 8. The speaker of any given poem can be a separate character or a persona of the author. A persona is a kind of fictionalized version of the author. In “The End of Poetry” by Ada Limón, who do you think is the speaker and who do you think is the listener (the person the speaker is speaking to)? The answer is open to multiple interpretations, so simply be clear, persuasive, and use evidence from the poem to support your idea. Then explain what you think the speaker has had “enough” of and what the speaker wants by “touch”? (In other words, do you think the speaker’s desire for touch is figurative, literal, or both?) Applied Questions9. At the end of “A Supermarket in California,” Ginsberg asks Whitman “what America did you have?” How do you think Whitman’s mid-19th Century America compared to Ginsberg’s 1950s America? How do both compare to your America?10. Do a little research on “A Small Needful Fact.” Use Google or the library to learn about the life and death of Eric Garner. Whether you are familiar with the event or not, try to learn something new. Now re-read Ross Gay’s poem. How does more knowledge about Garner change your understanding of the poem? How do you think the poet/speaker is trying to change our perspective of this subjectPlease use the poems provided to answer the above questions. Please reference all quotes

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