History of Nursing


Paper details:Address the following questions in your primary post:

1.  The Ad*Access Project, funded by the Duke Endowment “Library 2000” Fund, presents images and database information for over 7,000 advertisements printed in U.S. and Canadian newspapers and magazines between 1911 and 1955. Visit the Ad*Access website and type the word “nurse” in the search area. Choose one you find interesting and share your thoughts.  

3.  Define caring: what it is and what it is not. Include ideas from nurse theorists.

4. Visit the website for the American Association for the History of Nursing.  Learn more about their organizations and their mission and vision. Visit the tab and review the information under “Nursing History”-collectibles, calendar, nursing history sites, and gravesites.  Also read the resources located under “Research and Resources”-especially the research resources and historical methodology. Share your thoughts on the site and what you found most interesting.  

Include references in APA format.


Question 1

            From the Ad*Access website, I have chosen the advertisement entitled “Thanks, nurse!” The advert is well-laid out in terms of image orientation as well as text positioning. The product being advertised is a medicated soap known as Ivory Soap that it deems beneficial to both newborn babies and adults (Duke University Libraries, 2016). According to the advert, the soap has met all the required medical standards and is made from pure oils that alleviate the occurrence of irritation caused by rashes on a baby’s soft skin (Duke University Libraries, 2016). According to the text positioned below the image of a child holding the soap, these oils also have the same benefits for adults particularly in terms of taking care of sensitive skin. In my view, the advert has achieved success in terms of advocating for a product that not only promotes healthy living but is also pocket-friendly. Additionally, the vibrant image of the baby bathing using the medicated soap helps to give users assurance while creating an impression of credibility. A section of the advert is shown below.


Question 2

            Caring and nursing are two core aspects of the medical field that are intricately intertwined. Mostly considered synonymous with nursing, caring can be said to be one of the ethical obligations of nursing staff as well as their primary responsibility. Every nurse is required to provide quality healthcare to patients so as to meet patient needs and consequently contribute to their satisfaction. According to Iftikhar (2011), patient satisfaction can be defined by as the degree of consistency, transparency and communication between the expectations of the patient regarding quality healthcare and the acuity of actual healthcare received. In scenarios where patient’s expectations are being met by the respective nurses, then it is safe to assume that patient satisfaction has indeed been achieved optimally.

Various nurse theorists have advanced several philosophies and arguments in an attempt to come up with an all-encompassing definition of care. For instance, according to Dossey (2010), the Integral Theory of Nursing promotes the idea of care as one that is based on healing as the core objective. On this basis, care may be said to constitute the healing process that comes from within the person and the wholeness as well as interconnectedness between the patient, his/her surrounding and the physician. Elsewhere, Watson’s (1988) Trans-personal’s Theory (1988) embraces a view that is closely related to that of the Integral Theory by positing that caring is a holistic affair that constitutes a patient and his/her environment to stimulate “inner healing”. Watson (1988) further asserts that the relationship between the patient and the nurse is vital in aiding the former towards healing and wholeness. A related view is expressed by Leininger (1978), who also attributes care to the nurturing process that entails nurses’ efforts to adapt to and meet the needs of patients.


Question 3

The American Association for the History of Nursing is an organization that has set itself apart from the rest by focusing on understanding the past and present occurrences in the nursing field. This way, it provides a strong anchor that is likely to shape the future of nursing in a profound way. This statement reflects boldly on the association’s vision while simultaneously correlating to its mission of developing a vast network of professionals and insights into the profession’s history (American Association for The History of Nursing, 2016). After reviewing the website, what caught my attention is the fact that the organization has addressed the needs of learners especially graduates and other person who might be interested in understanding the rich history of nursing by providing direct access to research resources and material such as journals, archives, museum and history centers. This content allows one to easily navigate the website and get quick access to whatever material he/she is interested in. additionally, it is interesting that the association has a record of where all the prominent nurses were laid to rest. The indication is that this organization strongly values the input and efforts of these iconic figure to the profession and the respective roles they played to make the world of nursing what it is today.


American Association for The History of Nursing. (2016). About AAHN. Retrieved August 30, 2016, from

Dossey B. M (2010), “Barbara Dossey’s Theory of Integral Nursing,” in B. Dossey. Nursing Theories and Nursing Practice. Philadelphia: PA. F. A. Davis.

Duke University Libraries. (2016). Thanks, Nurse. Retrieved August 30, 2016, from

Iftikhar, A. N. (2011). Predictors of Patient Satisfaction. Gomal Journal of Medical Sciences, 9(2), 183-188.

Leininger, MM (1978). Transcultural nursing: Concepts, theories, and practices. New York, NY: Wiley & Sons.

Watson, M. J. (1988). New dimensions of human caring theory. Nursing Science Quarterly1(4), 175-181.

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