English Political Enlightenment


Argue that this area of development made this nation advanced? You are asked to write formal academic essays conforming to all the rules of college term paper standards (except no title page or bibliography). You are required to turn in a well organized argument supporting a clear and concise thesis. Academic argument writing conforms to a rather simple format (see the outline below), and a few basic rules. First of all, do not write to me, but to a general academic audience, which requires you to specifically identify what it is you are writing about. Leave yourself out or you risk undermining your argument before you start it and wasting paper. Formal academic writing also requires proper grammar, no contractions, no abbreviations, and proper citations. You will also need to include the necessary citations in the Chicago Style format, which means footnotes. Footnotes are very easy using microsoft word, it is under reference on the tool bar. You can Google “Chicago style” to access the basic rules and some good examples. You may use any source, but you are required to cite the text and at least one of the weekly discussions, and you must use one internet source (wikapedia, general encyclopedias and dictionaries do not count). Three citations is a minimum requirement, you may need more to properly document your argument. The paper must be at least two and no more than four typed, double-spaced pages, using the Times New Roman 11 point font, standard margins, and no space between paragraphs (properly format the page layout). Write clear and concise essays. Failure to meet these minimum requirements will cost you points.
The key to earning a good grade on these assignments is organization, and clear and concise execution of the plan of argument. Each essay asks you to identify evolution and function of political, economic, or social structures. You get to focus on just one of the structures covered in the unit. Consult the structural history outline posted under week one to help you make your choice and identify the issues that must be covered. Do not think of this as writing, but of putting a puzzle together. You should spend most of your time on the outline.
Basic Essay Outline
I. Intro Paragraph (PP) – (five to eight sentences)
A. Identify the topic –
1. Who, what, when, where
2. Introduce your choice of structure, & your version of the topic to be addressed
B. Present a road map for the reader
1. Three sentences introducing the three issues to be covered under that structure
2. These are the big issues you will cover in the body of the essay to prove your thesis,
presented in the order they will be covered in the essay.
C. A clear and concise thesis statement answering the question.
II. First paragraph of the argument – (the first of the issues introduced above) – (5 – 8 sentences)
A.Intro sentence stating how this topic supports the thesis, and at least three significant aspects
concerning this issue
B. explain 1st aspect – not just facts, but how structures evolved and functioned
C. explain 2nd aspect
D. explain 3rd aspect
E. Conclusion – how your thesis has been supported, and transition to next paragraph
III. 2nd PP = repeat the first paragraph model above – but now second issue
IV. 3rd PP = repeat for third issue
V. Conclusion –
A. Reformulate the conclusions to each PP. (avoid repetition)
B. Restate the thesis as proven.
I just copied this from the syllabus… The book that we are using,title-The Western Experience Vol. 2 tenth edition. authors-Chambers, Hanawalt, Rabb, Woloch, Tiersten. published by McGraw Hill, and we are currently using Chapters 15-19
any questions please email…


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This paper is about a discussion of the three ways in which English political enlightenment brought about positive changes in this country. The paper covers English political enlightenment between the 16th and 18th centuries. The devastating wars in the 16th and 17th centuries were necessary for the establishment of new political patterns. Major breakthroughs in the scientific thought in the 17th century overturned existing ideas about the world, setting the stage for modern science. Different European states were fighting for influence in the 18th century. All these developments contributed to the development of the country in all spheres.


The devastating wars of the 16th and the 17th centuries led to the establishment of new political patterns, thus leading to developments that led to political, economic and social progress that the country prides itself in today. In terms of politics, the end of the Thirty Years’ War marked the beginning of the Peace of Westphalia, which came with it very significant international political changes. Economically, hierarchical arrangements emerged which categorized people according to economic status. This, according to Edward, 1989, resulted in high mobility especially in higher-order, something that is also experienced today[1]. Social progress came in the form of evolved cultural styles, which changed in a manner that led to the dismissal of mystical powers and embracement of modern science. This paved the way for great innovations and inventions in fields such as medicine, information technology, agriculture, and architecture.

The major scientific breakthroughs were made possible by the establishment of new scientific principles, internationalization of academic principles and evolution of new cultural styles.  The new scientific principles adopted involved experimentation, testing, observation, and reasoning. Academic matters started to take on an international perspective in the same way that politics did since the matters under discussion were of international significance. New cultural styles evolved whereby belief in the powers of mystical forces and magic lost influence, paving way for the scientific method of education. The same educational structures exist in the country today and have contributed greatly to prosperity in all spheres.

The struggle for influence among different states in the 18th century led to the creation of the state’s power, the domination of different states by merchants and aristocrats and competition for prestige and influence among many European states. Upon creation of state’s power, says Hanawalt, 2007, domestic, financial and military policies could be conceived and implemented well, just as it is the case with today’s policies[2]. By dominating different states, merchants and aristocrats, many European countries lost influence, a scenario that catapulted them into the quest for lasting economic, political and social power, especially in England (Jervis, 1999)[3]. By competing for power and influence, different European states were able to maintain a balance of power, just like the one that makes the country economically and politically stable today.

In conclusion, the wars that characterized the 16th and 17th-century societies, major scientific developments of the 17th century and struggle for political influence and prestige among nation-states in the 18th century, all contributed to the country’s prosperity in a subtle but very significant way. These developments led to the establishment of new and stable political structures, scientific, industrial and agrarian revolutions, and more importantly, the establishment of a balance of power within the realm of a new social order. For this reason, all the developments were necessary for developing the country in all spheres.


Edward, White. The Eastern Establishment and the Western Experience: The West of Frederic Remington, Theodore Roosevelt, and Owen Wister.  Austin, TX: Yale University Press, 1989

Hanawalt, Barbara A. et al. The Western Experience, Volume 2 (Tenth Edition).London: McGraw Hill, 2007.

Jervis, John. Transgressing the Modern: Explorations in the Western Experience of Otherness, London: Wiley-Blackwell, 1999.         

[1] White Edward. The Eastern Establishment and the Western Experience: The West of Frederic Remington, Theodore Roosevelt, and Owen Wister.  (Austin, TX: Yale University Press, 1989), 53.   

[2]Barbara, A. Hanawalt, et al. The Western Experience, Volume 2 (Tenth Edition). (London: McGraw Hill, 2007) 67.

[3] John. Jervis. Transgressing the Modern: Explorations in the Western Experience of Otherness, (London: Wiley-Blackwell, 1999)  235.

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