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Criminal Justice Essay

Question

The source only the book, (How Terrorism Ends). this the link for the front page of the book. http://www.amazon.com/How-Terrorism-Ends-Understanding-Terrorist/dp/069115239X/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1427296294&sr=8-1&keywords=How+Terrorism+Ends will upload for more instruction you should follow it please. And see the book.

Answer

memorandum

To:

From:

Subject: Repression as a Way of Dealing with Terrorism

Date: April 01, 2015.

______________________________________________________________________________

The objective of addressing this topic is to examine the need to deal with a death knell to terrorism. With frequent terrorist attacks being reported in different parts of the world today, it makes a lot of sense for people to discuss various ways of enhancing security by neutralizing all existing and emerging terrorist threats. The overall argument of this memo is that repression is the best way of dealing with the current terrorism threat and that states should use it to obliterate terrorists. This issue should be viewed within the wider context of how humankind has historically dealt with terrorism using repression vis-à-vis other methods. This memo argues that repression is a natural and instinctive response for both individuals and states whenever threats aimed at causing fear such as terrorism to emerge. To explain this argument, this memo provides evidence in the form of explanations and real-life examples.

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The main reason why repression should be encouraged is that terrorists leave victims with no other choice other than to fight back simply because they attack innocent citizens and leave a horrifying trail of death and destruction. For example, when the Al Qaeda launched a terrorist attack on the United States on September 11, 2001, thousands of people died, triggering a widespread public outcry and a consequent U.S. military action in pursuit of the attackers and their sponsors in Afghanistan. Failure by the United States to take military action would have led to widespread fear among citizens, thereby emboldening Al Qaeda in its pursuit of extremist ideals.

The choice of repression arises because of the absence of an alternative conflict resolution mechanism. Terrorists hit their targets using unconventional means. As outlawed entities, terrorist groups lack a formal organizational structures. Under such circumstances, an alternative approach such as diplomacy becomes untenable. Although repression can at times involve enormous costs, it may be the best option for the affected countries.

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It takes enormous state resources for multiple security agencies to be mobilized in campaigns of indiscriminate retaliatory attacks aimed at overwhelming and even obliterating groups that have resorted to terror tactics to coerce a government into adopting a specific policy position (Cronin 141). This approach was successfully used during the 1960s and 1970s in several South American countries, including Brazil, Peru, Argentina, and Uruguay (Cronin 142). The strategy also worked well for Egyptian president Gamal Abdel Nasser in his fight against Muslim Brotherhood terrorists (Cronin 141). However, in Egypt, failure by the state to address the underlying issues that had led to the emergence of terrorism after the repression led to the re-emergence of the terrorist activities decades later (Cronin 141).

From this analysis, it is evident that the use of repression has far-reaching implications for the contemporary fight against terrorism. It entails the use of massive state resources and political will by incumbent governments. However, this memo has unearthed an important issue, which is about the need by states to address the underlying issues that may have led to the emergence of the terrorist activities in the first place. Thus, it is important to use repression but it is also equally important to tackle the next most important thing: the underlying issues surrounding each terrorism debacle. Failure to address those underlying issues will only lead to short-term success, since the terrorists may easily regroup and reorganize years later based on previous grievances and ideologies. In conclusion, the argument made in this memo justifies a directive to governments to use repression against all terrorist groups and then follow it up immediately with a fact-finding mission aimed at identifying and addressing all the issues that may have contributed to the emergence of terrorism in the first place.

Works Cited

Cronin, Audrey. How Terrorism Ends: Understanding the Decline and Demise of Terrorist Campaigns. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2009. Print.

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